Marine coastal areas are particularly exposed to the increasing impact of human activities (urbanisation, pollution, eutrophication). They are also exposed to the effects of global change with sudden and strong variations of several biotic and abiotic parameters (i.e. temperature, oxygen, pH, salinity, currentology, contaminants, trophic conditions). These variations can lead to changes in phytoplankton communities, emergence of pathogens and changes in the specific composition (native or non-native species) of coastal environments. Organisms living in these coastal areas must adapt to these changing environments to maximize their fitness. Understanding the sustainable assemblage of species within communities and their evolution requires knowledge of biotic interactions. Understanding individual adaptive responses in terms of life history traits (or more broadly quantitative biological traits) and integrating their consequences at the population level is also necessary to predict the evolution of biotic interactions and the emergence of harmful species in a changing environment. PANORAMA scientific project is part of this general context. The team strategy is based on the control and integration of a wide range of methodological approaches applied at different organizational levels (epigenetic markers, gene expression, protein functions, physiological performance and behaviour) through in situ, in vivo and in vitro studies.
PANORAMA is structured around 6 Research Axes (AR). AR1 and AR2 examine the physiological processes involved in fluctuating environments, and the long-term effects of adaptive processes, distinguishing between phenotypic and genetic responses. AR 3, 4 and 5 aim at better understanding trophic and species interactions by taking into account environmental variability. Finally, in AR6 our research activities target the economic valorisation exploiting the knowledge of metabolic processes and properties of certain marine molecules.