Early career researchers at the UN Ocean Conference

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A part of the early career researchers team with the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for the Ocean, Peter Thomson

 

Call for action One Ocean Summit University

The University of Brest (UBO) mobilized its partner networks to initiate a joint contribution of early career researchers for the One Ocean Summit in Brest (February 2022).

A group of more than sixty PhD students and postdoctoral researchers from various nationalities and disciplines have been working together to put forward a common view of the challenges and opportunities for research and research training in marine sciences. Their common goal is to present this call for action at the United Nations Conference on the Ocean, to be held in Lisbon from 27 June to 1 July 2022.

I- Secure an equitable and integrated ocean governance 

I.1.    Reinforce integrated governance horizontally (between all stakeholders) and vertically (between the local, regional and international levels)

Ocean governance must integrate fairly all relevant stakeholders and sectors, such as NGOs, government agencies, international institutions and communities. It must be well-designed to ensure effective communication and action between and within the local, regional and international levels, with planning integrating a long-term vision and concrete short-term actions.

  • Align tools, treaties and institutions to secure coherence in ocean governance and management;
  • Encourage polycentric governance to ensure the participation of civil society, public and private stakeholders;
  • Apply participatory modeling and the use of workshops and dialogues among stakeholders to boost interaction and foster integrated approaches at different levels.

 I.2.  Integrate research into ocean governance by strengthening the science-policy-society interface

A strong science-policy-society interface is needed to support evidence-based approaches to ocean governance and thus achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14 and its targets.

  • Create an International Panel on Ocean Change to strengthen interaction between scientists and decision-makers and establish evidence-based policy action plans based on the precautionary principle. Ensure that scientific evidence is openly available and up-to-date for decision-makers and society;
  • Define what the good environmental status of the ocean should be, based on scientific knowledge;
  • Encourage the use of social sciences to raise awareness of ocean policies and accompany their social acceptability.

 I.3.  Implement transboundary programs to overcome fragmented ocean governance and foster collaboration at the ocean-basin level

Collaboration between countries sharing the same ocean basins is key to ensure effective governance and develop a more integrated view of maritime issues. At the ocean-basin level, joint efforts must be implemented through transboundary programs.

  • Enhance capacity building and technical support between countries sharing the same ocean basin. This should include a common funding tool to boost measures against pollution and for climate change adaptation, particularly in small island developing States and the least developed countries;
  • Create a shared space for networking and communicating between national and regional agencies at the ocean-basin level;
  • Pool transboundary monitoring resources to ensure compliance with maritime laws;
  • Enable public involvement and participation of all stakeholders, including youth and local communities, in maritime and ocean policies at the ocean-basin level.

II- Improve ocean management to ensure resilience

 II.1.  Increase the protection of marine ecosystems and restore degraded ones

Protecting and restoring oceanic ecosystems is critical for preserving biodiversity, reducing climate change impacts and ensuring the provision of ecosystem services. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are a key tool to protect and restore the ocean but should not be the only one considered. A major challenge to ocean management is to both improve approaches to biodiversity conservation and implement effective restoration strategies.

  • Protect at least 30% of the ocean by 2030 with a high level of protection and sustainably manage the remaining 70% to ensure resilient marine ecosystems;
  • Define protection according to internationally-agreed, evidence-based criteria (e.g. MPA guide);
  • Increase the number, size and protection levels of MPAS: only high levels of protection will enable MPAs to be effective;
  • Allocate sufficient funds for effective governance and management of MPAs (including for coercive measures and rewarding best practices) to ensure the achievement of their conservation goals and objectives, while considering their respective socio-environmental contexts;
  • Secure the conservation and restoration of all ecosystem types (including corridors) in all ocean basins, and not only in remote areas;
  • In international waters, use an ambitious High Seas Treaty (BBNJ) to allow the creation of large-scale and mobile MPAs;
  • In polar regions, which are particularly  under threat, i) agree on an international definition of the state of the poles, based on the pre-industrial era in terms of physical boundaries and biodiversity status; ii) speed up MPA designation: in the Southern Ocean, implement the MPAs envisioned by the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR); in the Arctic, create MPAs and ensure that legislation applies to all states equally; iii)  restrict exploitation such as fishing, seabed mining and tourism.

 II.2.  Design adaptive and integrated marine spatial plans to sustainably manage the ocean

In the context of increasingly busy ocean spaces (offshore aquaculture, increase in shipping and trade, marine energy production, increasing coastal populations, mass tourism), integrated spatial management is crucial.

  • Implement adaptive marine spatial planning using ecosystem-based approaches, allowing dynamic management tools (e.g. mobile MPAs), integrating the land-sea interface (e.g. to address land-based pollution), adapting to climate-related impacts and considering all human-environment interactions in a holistic way;
  • Promote synergies between activities and territories such as integrating marine renewable energy development with fishery activities while considering the acceptance of coastal communities;
  • Secure transparent integrated impact assessments (considering cumulative impacts) and monitoring strategies;
  • Allocate sufficient funding to accelerate the transition towards the use of non-destructive practices;
  • Establish tourist carrying capacities in sensitive areas (e.g. MPAs) and manage holistically the overall flow of tourists in coastal areas;
  • Implement eco-friendly practices for boating activities (including leisure boats and cruise ships) such as ecological moorings, speed limits (i.e. no-noise zones) and limitations on cruise numbers;
  • Safeguard cultural heritage and recreational uses within the expanding blue economy.

 

III. Guarantee a sustainable and fair Blue Economy

 III.1.  Ensure the resilience and equitable sharing of ecosystem services

The ocean is facing multiple anthropogenic pressures threatening the sustainability of its use as a source of food and health for current and future generations. It is therefore necessary not to over-exploit marine resources and endanger their survival for the next generations.

  • Develop ecosystem approaches to fishery management and integrated multi-trophic aquaculture systems to secure food provisioning;
  • Promote the recycling of seafood by-products and the consumption of new food resources such as algae to release pressure on heavily exploited stocks and ensure access to products with high nutritional values;
  • Define and publicize eco-scores for all seafood products based on their environmental impacts.

 III.2.  Make the protection of the environment a systematic criterion for awarding funds in the maritime sector

International and national legislations must be aligned with ocean protection. Forthcoming projects supported by public and private funds must satisfy precisely defined environmental and social criteria at all levels (international, regional, national and subnational).

  • Particular attention must be paid to ensure that social equity and ecological issues are not ignored in the face of economic priorities and to secure fair and equitable sharing of the benefits of the exploitation of marine resources (the ocean as a common good);
  • Redirect financial flows from harmful subsidies to incentives to protect marine ecosystems;
  • Establish financial compensation for damage: enforce the “you harm, you pay” principle by local stakeholders, sanction harmful practices through green taxes whose receipts are re-injected into restoration activities;
  • Make corporate responsibility legally binding to prevent the misuse of  ocean resources;
  • Scale up blue investments, with consideration of both biodiversity and climate change, and ensure sufficient funding for assessment, management and monitoring;
  • Use innovative finance tools (e.g. public-private partnerships following sustainability guidelines, carbon markets);
  • Strengthen the capacity of ocean managers and finance partners so they can work together.

 III.3.   Reshape ocean tourism

Marine tourism is an important part of the blue economy and changes must be made to ensure that it encourages more environmentally-friendly activities.

  • Promote the sustainable and responsible management of marinas with a common environmental policy and through an eco-label;
  • Implement local measures to tackle marine pollution from tourism;
  • Raise awareness of ocean protection and marine life welfare, including its exploitation for entertainment, among tourists;
  • Support organizations that offer ecotourism training;
  • Increase awareness of tourists by encouraging marine resorts to offer sustainable activities (e.g. promoting beach cleanups as a tourist activity) and assigning a travel score reflecting their comprehensive carbon footprint.

 

IV- Strengthen ocean science and literacy for a sustainable ocean future

 IV.1.  Support transdisciplinary and holistic research and embrace a collaborative, diverse and open science

In order to achieve the targets of  SDG 14, it is imperative to increase scientific knowledge and the capacity for both fundamental and applied research. The generation and sharing of local knowledge by local and indigenous populations, NGOs and other marine stakeholders is also paramount to provide solutions to local and global issues.

  • Encourage transdisciplinarity in ocean sciences and integrate evidence from different fields of ocean sciences and marine knowledge holders;
  • Increase funding for marine sciences and distribute financial resources equitably across disciplines and geographies for the development of integrated solutions in favor of ocean protection and societal adaptation;
  • Ensure sustainable research practices which respect the ocean (eco-friendly marine vessels, prohibition of single-use plastic, carbon budgeting);
  • Facilitate the mobility and exchanges of scientists, including Early Career Researchers and local marine actors;
  • Invest in new generations of marine researchers, including improving the quality of life of Ph.D. students and post-doctoral researchers;
  • Increase the number of available permanent positions in research to sustain long-term research projects, for a better understanding of the ocean in a changing world;
  • Better manage, integrate, centralize and exploit ocean data that have been collected at different levels and times to improve understanding of the ocean in response to changes;
  • Develop new data management and analysis tools to facilitate ocean monitoring and surveillance.

 IV.2.  Make the ocean an integral part of an environmental education program

Educational structures are a powerful tool to promote ocean literacy and raise awareness of anthropogenic pressures and threats. To ensure the legacy of SDG 14, an environmental curriculum including the ocean should be implemented in schools to enhance children’s connection to the marine environment.

  • Create an environmental curriculum including the ocean in national educational programs, in line with local socio-environmental contexts, and support its implementation across countries, including small island developing States and the least developed countries:
  • Enhance children’s familiarity of the marine environment by setting up projects related to the ocean for each level, structured around science-based interactive and in-person experiences, to build connections with the ocean and appreciate the services it provides;
  • Transform societies into sustainable socio-ecosystems to preserve resilient ecosystem services and cultural heritage for all generations.

Photo credit

Eva Ternon / UPMC

Contact

Romain Le Moal / UBO

 

EPC 2023 | European phycological Congress

After Zagreb in 2019, we are pleased to invite you to Brest (Brittany, France) for the 8th European Phycological Congress “Scientific Opportunities for a Global Algal Revolution” on behalf of the Federation of European Phycological Societies council and the French Phycological Society. France has a long and proud tradition of phycological research and has a very diverse algal flora. Brittany is a world hotspot for seaweed diversity with about 700 species and has historically developed a flourishing macroalgal industry that still maintains its leadership in Europe. The region also hosts important research institutes dedicated to microalgae research and oceanography.

The European Phycological Congress series began in Cologne, Germany in 1996 and has since continued the tradition of bringing together phycologists from around the world every four years. Its main objective is to provide a forum for discussion of the latest scientific, technological and societal developments in phycological research. EPC8 includes plenary presentations, a series of symposia grouped into 6 themes, contributed papers and posters covering a wide range of topics such as algal diversity, ecology, genomics, cell biology, applied phycology and societal perception of algae. To encourage cross-community connections, each symposium will address micro- and macroalgae from marine, freshwater, and terrestrial ecosystems whenever possible. We look forward to welcoming you to Brest in August 2023 for EPC8!

On behalf of the organizing committees, Solène Connan and Philippe Potin

Registration and Abstract Submission : here

Early bird registration close : 28th February 2023

Plenary speakers:


Karin Rengefors

Aquatic Ecology Department of Biology Lund University, Sweden


Christophe Destombe

Evolutionary Biology and Ecology of Algae
International research laboratory IRL3614
Station Biologique de Roscoff
Sorbonne University, France

Angela_Falciatore_EPC2023

Angela Falciatore

Chloroplast biology and light perception in microalgae
Institute of Physical and Chemical Biology
UMR7141 CNRS-Sorbonne University
Paris, France


Thomas Wernberg

UWA Oceans Institute & School of Biological Sciences, Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre M470, The University of Western Australia

Norwegian Institute of Marine Research, His, Norway

6 sessions

SESSION 1

ALGAL DIVERSITY AND EVOLUTION


Biodiversity studies comprise a range of approaches, including population genetics, biogeography, species detection and identification, and inference of evolutionary processes shaping this diversity. In recent years -omics technologies such as meta-barcoding and whole genome sequencing have revolutionised biodiversity- and ecological research, enabling the testing of hypotheses, unthinkable as little as a decade ago.


Taxonomy and Systematics are as actual as ever. New technologies to study biodiversity have accelerated the pace at which algal species new to science are discovered and described. DNA metabarcoding has revealed how diverse various algal lineages really are. Novel imaging technologies reveal all these new species in exquisite detail, and DNA barcoding aids their identification as well as distinguishing them from one another. Not surprisingly, the various technologies are now incorporated in our modern taxonomic toolbox, and results obtained are integral components of modern species descriptions. Incorporation of novel approaches in taxonomy creates challenges as well. For instance, species descriptions based on DNA barcode sequences and ultrastructural details are at odds with early species descriptions based solely on features observable with the unaided eye and low magnification light microscopy, though sequencing tiny pieces of macroalgal type specimens is nowadays common practice to resolve taxonomic issues. In general, classical and modern technologies generate a wealth of information by means of which diversity can be captured into biologically meaningful species. Contributions are invited showing how studies combining various methods contribute to the exploration and description of diversity in algae, and to the identification, characterization and delineation of species and populations.

Conveners:

  • Maxim Kulikovskiy : Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
  • Fabio RindiDipartimento di Scienze della Vita e dell’Ambiente Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy

Keynote speakers:

  • Patrick Kociolek : Museum of Natural History and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
  • Frederik Leliaert : Herbarium and Library Department, Botanic Garden Meise, Meise, Belgium

Novel methodologies, such as high-throughput sequencing metabarcoding, are revolutionising biodiversity studies. Metabarcode data can reveal the biodiversity and composition of algal communities at different spatio-temporal scales than was feasible before. Such data can reveal intraspecific population genetic differentiation and uncover hidden biodiversity. Reference datasets needed to identify metabarcode haplotypes are now rapidly being populated. Yet, algorithms to translate metabarcode reads into biologically meaningful species are still under development. Contributions are invited on developments in uncovering species diversity, population structure, and biogeographic and seasonal patterning, with both classical and high-throughput methods. Topics can also include inferring distribution patterns, and tracking and modelling those patterns in space and time.

Conveners:

  • Uwe John : Ecological chemistry department, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • Sophie Steinhagen : University of Gothenburg, Department of Marine Sciences, Strömstad, Sweden

Keynote speakers:

  • Luka Šupraha : Section for Aquatic Biology and Toxicology, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Norway | Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway
  • Petra Nowak : Aquatic Ecology, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany

Models and theories of evolutionary processes are increasingly applied in phycology. Genomes of many species are becoming available, enabling inference of evolutionary histories based on entire genomes instead of a few markers. Such results shed light on major transitions, acquisitions of new traits, and other innovations in the evolutionary history of lineages. Well-resolved phylogenies in combination with morphological, physiological or ecological data help to answer evolutionary questions related to diversification and the evolution of phenotypes. Evolution is also working in the here and now. Comparison of genomes among individuals from the same or different population may uncover adaptation in progress. Contributions are invited that combine genomics- and other resources with advances in technologies to explore evolutionary histories, as well as experimental designs to test hypotheses on evolution in action. We also welcome contributions about the deep evolutionary history of the major algal phyla and on how and when they came into being.

Conveners:

Keynote speakers:

  • Bojian Zhong : College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, China
  • Elias Marek : Department of Biology and Ecology, University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic

(C) Erwan AMICE | CNRS

SESSION 2

CELL AND SYSTEM BIOLOGY OF ALGAE


Next to the abiotic environment, the intimate biota of algae affect algal growth, development, and sexual reproduction, and these do so in often surprising ways. Such interactions can now be studied in all their intricate detail through incorporation of metabolome, transcriptome and genome analyses and epigenetics assessments, even of single cells. Ultrastructure and composition of algal cells feature prominently in these studies as well.


Many micro- and macroalgae engage in tightly knit relationships with other species, including other eukaryotes, bacteria and viruses. Relationships can be symbiotic, mutualistic or plain parasitic. In many symbiotic relationships the partners affect each other’s shape and physiology/metabolism to such an extent that they seem to have developed into lifeforms of their own. Some algae even cannot grow and develop without their microbiome. Parasites and viruses are able to control phytoplankton blooms. Many red algae show intricate relationships with aldepho-parasites. Contributions can include -but are not restricted to- diversity assessments of such relationships, functional studies on interactions, and conceptual advances into, for instance, how such interactions are established, maintained and disrupted, how they evolve together, and how their genomes, transcriptomes and metabolomes adapt to enduring relationships. This symposium also invites contributions to the evolving field of algal holobiome research and its impact on the functioning of species.

Conveners:

  • Johan Decelle : CNRS Laboratoire Physiologie Cellulaire & Végétale , CEA-Grenoble, France
  • Aschwin H. Engelen : Biogeographical Ecology and Evolution, UAlg, Faro, Portugal

Keynote speakers:

  • Suhelen Egan : School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, UNSW Sydney, Australia
  • Shady A. Amin : Department of Biology, New York University Abu Dhabi, UAE

Algae show a fascinating diversity of life cycles, often associated with morphologically and functionally distinct haploid and diploid stages. Transitions between these stages can be triggered by environmental factors, including the microbiome, as well as by endogenous and external drivers. For many algal lineages, the genes governing these processes and the ways they operate are still largely unknown. At present, analytical approaches combining genome data, data from transcriptomics, single cell-omics, epigenetics and proteomics, provide new perspectives of studying the regulation of sexual reproduction and transition between life cycle stages in algae. In addition, epigenetics is an emerging topic that may help towards a better understanding of rapid adaptation of the phenology within and across life cycle stages in a changing environment. Contributions to this symposium are invited about -but not restricted to- the various types of life cycles, their morphological and/or physiological differentiation between life cycle stages, conditions that trigger or thwart reproduction, the genomic machinery behind reproduction and the evolutionary history of the complexity of life cycles in algae. In addition, we invite contributions from studies highlighting how alternate generations may transfer information from one stage to the next, e.g. via epigenetics or via general cross-generational effects.

Conveners:

  • Mariella FerranteStazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Naples, Italy
  • Agnieszka P. Lipinska : Department of Algal Development and Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Biology, Tübingen, Germany

Keynote speakers:

  • Kenny Bogaert : Phycology Research Group, UGent, Ghent, Belgium
  • Gust Bilcke : Protistology and Aquatic Ecology Group, UGent, Ghent, Belgium

Algae are a diverse assemblage of organisms that belong to several phylogenetically independent lineages. Algae are adapted to many different habitats, have different trophic levels, and exhibit variation in Bauplan ranging from tiny unicells to unicellular syncytia and complex multicellular organisms composed of different cell types. Unsurprisingly, internal cell structure is similarly diverse and various unique traits of taxonomic significance have been described. Contributions are invited that focus on describing the structures of algal cells and their subcellular compartments, their biochemical composition and function, and the way these features are inherited or re-assembled in the next generation of cells. Contributions on the reconstruction of the evolutionary history of cell structures are also welcome, as are contributions of advanced microscopy techniques unveiling ultrastructural details.

Conveners:

  • Zoë A. Popper : Botany and The Ryan Institute, School of Natural Sciences, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
  • Nils Kröger : B CUBE, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany

Keynote speakers:

  • Klaus Herburger : Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Rostock, Germany
  • Assaf Gal : Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel

Algal model species are often the first on which novel technologies developed outside the phycological community are applied before they find their way into the mainstream of phycology. Novel genomics applications now enable the study of their complexity and functioning in exquisite detail, including their internal circadian clocks, their responses to external signals, or their interactions with other microorganisms. Sophisticated DNA-editing tools are now available to assess, for instance, gene functioning. In addition, genomics has miniaturised, as it is now possible to obtain transcriptome snapshots of single cells in action, which enables the study of processes in exquisite detail and in rapid succession. Contributions are invited on the various approaches used to elucidate the genomic complexity of model algae, to tackle fundamental questions about how cells and algal thalli function, how they regulate their metabolic activities and how they respond to environmental and endogenous triggers. Contributions on new algal models are welcome as well, especially if these models allow testing hypotheses that cannot be tackled with existing models.

Conveners:

  • Maria Mittag : Matthias Schleiden Institute of Genetics, Bioinformatics and Molecular Botany, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
  • Claire Gachon : UMR 7245 – Molécules de Communication et Adaptation des Micro-organismes – Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

Keynote speakers:

  • Sigrid Neuhauser : Institute of Microbiology, Innsbruck, Austria
  • Thomas Mock : School of Environmental Sciences, Uni. East Anglia, Norwich, UK

(C) Cécile KLEIN | UBO

SESSION 3

ALGAE AND PRIMARY PRODUCTION


Algal photosynthesis and respiration, together with exudation, uptake and sequestration of organic matter, represent key-physiological and ecological processes in the global carbon cycle, both in freshwater and marine systems. These processes are species-specific and influenced by complex interactions with environmental factors. Advances in our knowledge in micro- and macroalgae alike, will foster our understanding of the key-roles these organisms play in countering global change.


This symposium addresses the mechanisms of photosynthesis, including photo-biology and carbon fixation as well as carbon-storage and respiration. Novel technologies, in situ and ex situ methodologies and modelling approaches open up new ways of investigating and quantifying how algae fix, store and respire carbon. Advances in our understanding of these fundamental processes can be expected not only to improve our understanding of algal ecology and net ecosystem productivity, but also lead to practical improvements in the mass cultivation of algae for commercial purposes. Contributions are invited on all aspects of photosynthesis, improved in situ and ex situ measuring techniques, the physiological and molecular mechanisms of photosynthesis, its environmental controls, the relationship between photosynthetic oxygen production and carbon fixation and how this may relate to the carbon cycle (see below) or biotechnological advances. Since ocean acidification affects these processes, contributions in this topic are welcome as well.

Conveners:

  • Concepción Iñiguez Moreno : Department of Ecology, University of Málaga, Spain
  • Giovanni Finazzi : Interdisciplinary Research Institute of Grenoble (IRIG), CEA Grenoble, France

Keynote speakers:

  • Benjamin Bailleul : Laboratory of Chloroplast Biology and Light Sensing in Microalgae, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, France
  • Yusuke Mastuda : Department of Bioscience, School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Kwansei Gakuin University, Hyogo, Japan

Primary production fuels the biosphere and drives the global carbon cycle. There is increasing evidence that not only phytoplankton but also vegetated ecosystems contribute considerably to fixation and long-term sequestration of carbon. Yet, there are still massive knowledge gaps, in particular for macroalgal forest. It is also unclear how global change will alter the functioning of these ecosystems, including their ability to sequester carbon. Contributions are invited to all aspects of the marine carbon cycle, addressing the fate of algal primary production and its contribution to the carbon cycle. This includes production and fate of detritus and dissolved organic carbon from macroalgae. Contributions on changes in the capacity of various algal communities to fix and sequester carbon under various climate change scenarios are also welcome.

Conveners:

  • Karen Filbee-Dexter : Department of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia | Institute for Marine Research, Norway
  • Sebastian D. Rokitta : Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

Keynote speakers:

  • Mar Fernandez-Mendez : Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • Albert Pessarrodona : Oceans Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia

(C) NASA GSFC

SESSION 4

ALGAE AND ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONING


Considerable research focuses on the resilience of algae-dominated ecosystems to global change and on tipping points beyond which sudden, radical changes in species composition occur. Ecosystems in polar regions are particularly affected as global change is most pronounced there, and retreat to higher latitudes is not an option. Omics technologies enable unprecedented insights into the functioning of entire communities and into their resilience limits.


The functioning of algae in their ecosystems depends amongst others on their autecology, their biochemical bouquet such as their toxins or deterring substances and their interactions with other organisms living with them or grazing on them. And all of this is affected by external primary and secondary abiotic drivers. Insights in the complexity of interactions and functionalities in algal communities and their resilience to environmental change are key to our ability to predict how ecosystems will fare in the face of global change and help towards designing best ecosystem management practices towards mitigation of its effects. The increasing ability to refer functional differences to genotypes and metabolic functionalities also enhances our understanding of ecotypic and phenotypic diversity. Contributions of all aspects of algal ecology are invited to better reveal the ability of algal ecosystems to cope with their biotic and abiotic environment, including studies exploring the interactions among species, for instance, by means of uni- and multifactorial experimental designs. Results of studies elucidating the relations between functional, metabolic and genetic diversity and population resilience to environmental change are also particularly welcome.

Conveners:

  • Florian Weinberger : Marine Ecology Division, GEOMAR Helmholtz-Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel, Germany
  • Petra Visser : Dept. Freshwater and Marine Ecology, IBED, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Keynote speakers:

  • Marine Vallet : Group Phytoplankton Community Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany
  • Dedmer Van de Waal : Department of Aquatic Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen, The Netherlands

Climate change affects the distribution ranges and abundances of algae in both pelagic and benthic systems. This may cause intense micro- and macroalgal blooms or invasion of alien or migratory species, both of which will shape ecosystems. Locally and also over wide geographic ranges the abundances, phenology, and zonation patterns of algae are changing. Changes not only affect the local algal diversity but also alter the functioning of the ecosystems of which they are an integral part. Contributions to this symposium can include studies on biodiversity, life cycles and phenology, bloom forming and invasive species, their ecology, ecophysiology, and omics whose results help assess how environmental changes affect distribution patterns of species and entire communities and how species or communities cope with the changes. Studies on changes in the distribution ranges of canopy formers and other keystone species including bloom-forming species are especially welcome and so are contributions on conservation and restoration of local populations as well as the improvement of their resilience to change.

Conveners:

  • Gareth A. Pearson : Centre of Marine Sciences (CCMAR), Universidade do Algarve, Faro, Portugal
  • Anke Kremp : Biological Oceanography, Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemuende, Rostock, Germany

Keynote speakers:

  • Anita Narwani : Department of Aquatic Ecology, Eawag, Duebendorf, Switzerland
  • Ester A. Serrão : Centre of Marine Sciences (CCMAR), Universidade do Algarve, Faro, Portugal

The Arctic and Antarctic regions are challenging environments for algae, given low to no light during winter and almost continuous light in high summer under low temperatures. Nowadays however, the polar regions are the ones warming up the fastest. As a result, algal diversity, primary productivity and distribution patterns experience unprecedented changes. Especially coastal and fjord systems are affected by increasing melt-water discharge, resulting in increased salinity drops and sedimentation rates. In addition, they face an extension of the open-water period and a release from light limitation. Many algae in polar habitats are adapted to low temperatures and polar conditions in general, but these adaptations are now potentially becoming a liability in the face of unprecedented environmental change and immigrating temperate species. Contributions are invited on all aspects highlighting the changing conditions in which polar algae find themselves and their ability to cope with these changes on land, in the sea-ice, along the coasts and in the open water, their resilience and/or adaptability to change, and their competitive abilities against temperate immigrants.

Conveners:

  • Linda Nedbalová : Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Johann Lavaud : LEMAR, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Plouzané, France

Keynote speakers:

Metagenomics, meta-transcriptomics and metabarcoding provide exquisitely detailed insights in the composition of entire communities and in the communal activities and interactions of its members. Reference genomes and transcriptomes are now produced at an ever-increasing pace, which help translating the masses of reads produced by High Throughput Sequencing techniques of environmental DNA or mRNA into biocomplexity and bioactivity of entire communities. In order to make that translation meaningful many challenges have to be overcome. Contributions are invited on meta-omics studies to assess the composition and complexity of whole communities in which algae are key players and their interaction with the environment. Particularly welcome are contributions on innovative ways to study these types of data in order to advance knowledge of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.

Conveners:

  • Flora J. Vincent : Developmental Biology Unit, EMBL, Heidelberg, Germany
  • Bente Edvardsen : Section for Aquatic Biology and Toxicology, University of Oslo, Norway

Keynote speakers:

  • Simon Dittami : CNRS/Sorbonne Université, Station Biologique de Roscoff, France
  • Chana Kranzler : The Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel

(C) Erwan AMICE | CNRS

SESSION 5

ALGAE AND THEIR BLUE-BIOTECH APPLICATIONS


Algae are a treasure trove of bioactive molecules for BlueTech applications. The first step in these applications is the choice of organisms or even consortia of organisms, either from natural populations or provided by algal culture collections. A rapidly increasing number of companies use algae or algal compounds in various sectors, but scaling up of algal cultures towards cost-effective production are often challenging.


Algal culture collections play a fundamental role in research, technological development and industrial innovation. They are repositories of myriads of research strains, they refine protocols for the maintenance of an ever-wider range of species, even the most recalcitrant ones, they develop cryo-preservation methodologies to ensure long-term genetic identity of strains, and in public-private partnerships work on the scaling up of algal cultures. Culture collections even can develop a role as pan-European or pan-WORLD repositories for gene pools of species on the brink of extinction or of aquaculture species. Contributions are welcome on the maintenance of recalcitrant species, on new lineages on symbionts, on whole microbiomes, as well as on the generation and maintenance of axenic strains important for genomics applications. In addition, contributions are solicited on the cryopreservation or alternatives for the long-term preservation of strains.

Conveners:

  • Filip Pniewski : Gdańsk University, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, Culture Collection of Baltic Algae, Gdynia, Poland
  • Peter Chaerle : Ghent University, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, Protistology and Aquatic Ecology, BCCM/Diatoms Collection Gent, Belgium

Keynote speakers:

  • Annick Wilmotte : BCCM/ULC Cyanobacteria Collection, InBios, Department of Life Sciences, University of Liège, Belgium
  • Ian Probert : Station Biologique de Roscoff, Centre de recherche et d’enseignement en biologie et écologie marines FR2424, Roscoff, France

Algae are a rich source of bioactive substances and other valuable compounds and materials. These compounds have a variety of functions ranging from stress protection, signalling, defence against antagonists, and nutrient capture, amongst others. At the same time, the functions of many algal compounds remain unelucidated. Many of these compounds are complex molecules, difficult to produce in any other way than by the algae. Many algal products nowadays find their way into pharmaceutical or cosmeceutical industries. However, the road from the discovery of valuable algal substances to their commercial applications is long, and only a very few make it all the way into commercial products. Contributions are invited on the finding of novel bioactive compounds and substances, especially in underexplored algal lineages, compounds extraction, identification and characterization regarding their bioactivity, with a focus on approaches to their production using algal biotechnology.

Conveners:

  • Abd El-Fatah Abomohra : New Energy and Environmental Laboratory (NEEL), Department of Environmental Engineering, SACE, Chengdu University, China
  • Alexei Solovchenko : Bioengineering Department, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Keynote speakers:

  • Dieter Hanelt : Department of Biology, Institute of Plant Science and Microbiology, Hamburg University, Germany
  • Inna Khozin-Goldberg : Microalgal Biotechnology Laboratory, French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology, J. Blaunstein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

This symposium focuses on novel directions of Blue Biotech applications in algae. Industrial-scale production processes often rely on wild type strains producing substances of interest in amounts required in their environmental context. Yet, advances in genomics methodologies and selective breeding applied to improve production can greatly increase the cost-effectiveness of production processes. Contributions may include systems and methodologies to optimise and scale up production of compounds of interest, or make the production processes more efficient. Contributions are invited on the exploration of production pathways as well as the optimisation of those pathways and the scaling up of production. Also invited are contributions from synthetic biology: redesigning organisms by engineering them to have new abilities or make new products for medicine, manufacturing, and agriculture.

Conveners:

  • Maria do Rosario Domingues : Lipidomics Laboratory, Mass Spectrometry Center, Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, Portugal
  • Joanna Kargul : Solar Fuels Laboratory, Centre For New Technologies, University of Warsaw, Poland

Keynote speakers:

  • Yagut Allahverdiyeva-Rinne : Molecular Plant Biology Unit, Department of Life Technologies, University of Turku, Finland
  • Hugo Pereira : GreenCoLab – Associação Oceano Verde, University of Algarve, Faro, Portugal

Early-career scientists and students in phycology often perceive career possibilities in phycological research as limited, seeing their scientific supervisors as role models of careers in academia. However, there are many opportunities for rewarding careers in (collaboration with) the private sector. Algae have found their way in many industrial production processes, and in large-scale aquaculture. And where algae are used, researchers are in demand to trouble-shoot, optimise and innovate. Yet, despite the many opportunities there are issues that sit in the way of such partnerships. Contributions are welcome from public-private partnership research projects and their aims, from researchers working in partnership with companies, or working in companies. The emphasis is not on scientific methodologies or results, but on experiences with working in the private sector. What are companies’ expectations from scientists working with them or for them? What about setting up your own start-up or spin-out company? What is needed to translate smart ideas into marketable products.

Conveners:

  • Annette Bruhn : Department of Ecoscience, Centre for Circular Bioeconomy, Aarhus University, Denmark
  • Stefan Kraan : The Seaweed Company, Ireland

Keynote speakers:

  • Monique T. Mulder : Laboratory of Vascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
  • Esben Rimi Christiansen : Pure Algae, Grenaa, Denmark

(C) Interreg NWE ALG-AD

SESSION 6

ALGAE AND SOCIETY


Interest in algae is growing among many stakeholders including the general public. Algae are increasingly perceived as healthy and pretty, but blooms of potentially harmful species affect ecological health and human wellbeing. Monitoring the diversity and changes in the composition of algal systems provides indispensable data for local governance to make informed policy choices. Scientists and teachers need to play their part in increasing public awareness about how algae help to address burning societal needs.

It is with great sadness that we have to announce the sudden death of our colleague Erwan Ar Gall, the convenor of mini-symposium 20. To pursue his enthusiastic investment in the preparation of a successful EPC8, Elvira Ramos Manzanos has kindly accepted to work with Sotiris Orfanidis to serve as a co-convenor.


The public at large shows an increasing interest in algae. Algae are nowadays seen as something positive, healthy, valuable, useful and at times, beautiful, rather than yuck to be scrubbed away with a wholesome dose of household bleach. The reasons for this change of minds are manifold. Algae or their derivatives are found in an ever-expanding range of products, from cosmeceuticals and medicines to food and feed. Because of that, algae contribute to employment, economic development and human prosperity, especially in developing societies or regions. Algae are often stunningly beautiful, providing inspiration for artists. Many citizen scientists are experts in algal taxonomy, contributing to the advancement of knowledge on algal biodiversity and distribution. However, this positive image is easily destroyed by algae featuring negatively in the news, for instance ‘killer algae,’ and ‘harmful algal blooms;’ never mind that such blooms usually result from human-induced ecosystemic imbalances. Phycologists need to translate scientific knowledge about algae effectively to the general public and transfer that knowledge into practical applications. They need to engage with local communities to foster the usage of algae, thereby generating employment and increasing wellbeing and prosperity. Transfer of this knowledge of algae, requires having a combination of various disciplines developing an inter- and transdisciplinary research environment with strategies for societal practices. They need to inform policy makers about the crucial ecosystem services algae provide, to enable them to address environmental challenges associated with algae and their ecosystems. Literacy needs to be disseminated using the rapidly developing e-means available but avoiding the pitfalls of such communication. Contributions are invited on dissemination and outreach projects to the general public, on ecosystem service of algae, adaptive co-management and research on how algae can buffer the impact of climate change on local livelihoods; exercises engaging citizens with the spreading of knowledge and/or participating in topical research are welcome.

Conveners:

  • Nils Ekelund : Dept. Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Society, Faculty of Education and Society, Malmö University, Sweden
  • Johanna Weggelaar : Algae Platform, Atelier Luma / Luma Arles, France

Keynote speakers:

  • Fredrik Gröndahl : Dept. Sustainable development environmental science and engineering (SEED), School of Architecture and the built environment (ABE), Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Alix Levain : UMR 6308 AMURE, CNRS, Plouzané, France

Many of us have teaching commitments and are involved in teaching students, training PhD students, and coaching early career postdocs. Teaching is also an essential part of our professional career because it guarantees that future colleagues take over the baton. Students should learn about career pathways, both in academia and in industry and business (biotechnology, farming, new products, etc.). New technologies and the COVID-19 pandemic have shaken up models and modes of teaching. Contributions are invited on sharing experiences and innovative ways of teaching and training all aspects of algae to a range of target groups, including their practical applications. Furthermore, we invite contributions that exemplify pathways from academia to business and the challenges involved between idea and their realisation.

Conveners:

  • Cecilia Maria Totti : Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy
  • Conxi Rodríguez-Prieto : Faculty of Science, University of Girona, Spain

Keynote speakers:

  • Suzanne Fredericq : Department of Biology, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, USA
  • Morgan Vis : Department of Environmental and Plant Biology, Ohio University, Athens, USA

Eutrophication, pollution, coastal obstructions, river regulation, global warming, and other human-induced pressures on our fresh, transitional, and coastal waters, alone or in combination, have caused tremendous impact on water resources and the associated algal ecosystems. These systems are, in addition, threatened by unsustainable harvest or aquaculture. In many European Directives, such as the WFD or MSFD, algae are used as quality elements or indicators for water quality and ecological status; many management strategies are based on algal biodiversity and their abundances. In addition, in recent years, new conservation strategies have been developed to counteract, e.g., the decline of seaweed forests or the freshwater riverine systems degradation. Contributions are invited on any aspect of water management and conservation which are centred around algae and especially new conservation strategies to mitigate the loss of biodiversity, keystone species or habitats are of interest. Information on practical applicability and up-scaling strategies are needed and concepts for sustainable aquaculture enabling to keep good water quality and preserve biodiversity are welcome.

Conveners:

  • Elvira Ramos Manzanos : IHCantabria – Instituto de Hidráulica Ambiental de la Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain
  • Sotiris Orfanidis : Fisheries Research Institute (ELGO-DIMITRA), Kavala, Greece

Keynote speakers:

  • Elvira Ramos Manzanos : IHCantabria – Instituto de Hidráulica Ambiental de la Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain
  • Matina Katsiapi : EYATH SA, Water Supply Division-Drinking Water Treatment Facility, Thessaloniki, Grèce | School of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

(C) CEVA

Scientific Committee chaired by

Local organising committee


IUEM, SBR and Ifremer


Inka BARTSCH

Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany


Wiebe KOOISTRA

Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, National Institute of Marine Biology, Ecology and Biotechnology, Italy

Chairs of the committee : Philippe Potin & Solène Connan

Members of the committee : Yacine Badis | Eva Bucciarelli | Thomas Burel | Jonas Collen | Mark Cock | Eric Deslandes | Christophe Destombe | Simon Dittami | Jacques Grall | Laure Guillou | Helene Hegaret | Claire Hellio | Cécile Klein | Martial Laurans | Johann Lavaud | Catherine Leblanc | Aude Leynaert | Marc Long | Gabriel Markov | Sylvain Petek | Philippe Pondaven | Ian Probert | Philippe Soudant | Nathalie Simon | Valérie Stiger-Pouvreau | Jill Sutton | Myriam Valéro

Scientific Committee chaired by


Inka BARTSCH

Alfred Wegener Institute, Germany


Wiebe KOOISTRA

Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, National Institute of Marine Biology, Ecology and Biotechnology, Italy

Local organising committee


IUEM, SBR and Ifremer


Heads of the comity : Philippe Potin & Solène Connan

Members of the comity : Erwan Ar Gall | Yacine Badis | Eva Bucciarelli | Jonas Collen | Mark Cock | Eric Deslandes | Christophe Destombe | Simon Dittami | Jacques Grall | Laure Guillou | Helene Hegaret | Claire Hellio | Cécile Klein | Martial Laurans | Johann Lavaud | Catherine Leblanc | Aude Leynaert | Gabriel Markov | Sylvain Petek | Philippe Pondaven | Ian Probert | Philippe Soudant | Nathalie Simon | Valérie Stiger-Pouvreau | Jill Sutton | Myriam Valéro

Come and enjoy the tip of Brittany

The 8th European Phycological Congress will be held in Brittany (France) in Brest from August 20th to 26th 2023 at Brest-Arena, a sports and cultural center. This structure located at 10 min from the city center of Brest by tramway offers a plenary room allowing to welcome 700 persons as well as 3 other rooms of 200 places and the spaces of restoration and exhibition. Brest is a metropolis of 400,000 inhabitants, a tourist area as well as a living area. Many hotels ranging from 1 to 4 stars are located in Brest with prices ranging from 50 € to 150 € per night. Rooms for students are also available in the center of Brest, 10 minutes by tramway from Brest Arena. The city and its surroundings have many attractive facilities and points of interest, such as Océanopolis, the Ateliers des Capucins linked to the city center by the first urban cable car in France, and National Botanical Conservatory of Brest. The city was recently classified as a “City of Art and History”. Innovative and open to the world, Brest is distinguished from other French cities by its links with the marine environment, as well as its cutting-edge marine science and technology sector. In fact, it was from the port of Brest that great explorers set out to discover new worlds: La Pérouse, Kerguelen, Bougainville… Brest has a TGV train station in the city center and an international airport close to the city center, with a shuttle and tramway service. Brest Bretagne international airport offers some international flights and a large choice of flights via Paris (Orly or Charles de Gaulle).

  • © Martin Viezzer

  • © Mathieu Le Gall

  • ©Jean-Yves Guillaume

  • Frédéric Le Mouillour/Brest métropole océane

  • (C) Sébastien HERVE

Call for contributions


Each of the 6 themes includes between 2 and 4 symposia composed of invited lectures, a (limited) set of oral presentations (selected from the abstracts) and a poster session. The scientific committee of this event invites participants to submit an abstract to one of the symposia presented above. The preference for oral / poster and the choice of thematic session are options indicated on the abstract submission form.

Details on abstract submission will be available soon. Abstract submission is possible until March 31, 2023. Submissions will be evaluated by the scientific committee and you will be informed at the end of May 2023 if your abstract has been accepted or not and in which form (oral or poster).

Important dates


Registration and Abstract submission open : 15th November 2022
Early Bird Registration close : 28th February 2023
Abstract submission close : 31st March 2023
Information on the abstract selection : May 2023
Start of the Congress : 20th August 2023

Registrations


To participate, you will find here the procedure to submit your abstract (Deadline for submission: March 31, 2023) and to register to EPC8 as well as practical information.
Abstracts will be selected by the international scientific committee. Your registration will be official upon receipt of the registration fees.
The conference fees cover the conference registration, food, coffee breaks and transport from the airport or train station as well as daily transport to the conference venue.

Early bird registration (November 2022 – February 2023) :

[1] FEPS Member = 400 €

[2] Non-FEPS Member = 480 €

[3] Student = 250 €

[4] Accompanying person = 150 €

[5] Mid-Congress Excursion = 50/80 €

Late registration (March 2023 – July 2023) :

[1] FEPS Member = 530 €

[2] Non-FEPS Member = 600 €

[3] Student =380 €

[4] Accompanying person = 200 €

[5] Mid-congress Excursion = 60/100 €

Registration end : 1st August 2023

Info Covid


Considering the evolution of the health situation, we maintain our will to hold this conference face-to-face in order to encourage exchanges between everyone: leading researchers, young researchers and future researchers such as students.

If necessary, a complete vaccination scheme will be required to participate in the conference. The conference organizers will propose antigenic self-tests during the conference. The conferences, poster exhibition, workshops, catering and coffee breaks will take place under conditions that comply with health regulations.

However, if the situation deteriorates, a bi-modal format will not be considered and you will be informed. The event will then be cancelled.

Registration fees will be refundable based on the Covid environment at the time of the conference in August 2023.

For more information, please email: epc8@sciencesconf.org

Mer et journalisme-2022


Participation en présentiel et en distanciel


Pour répondre aux besoins de formation exprimés depuis de nombreuses années par les journalistes sur les sciences et technologies marines, l’École Universitaire de Recherche ISblue propose une école d’été de 2 jours à Brest, au sein de l’Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer (IUEM). Cette formation destinée aux journalistes francophones des différents médias apporte un éclairage sur le thème général :

« Océans et climats »

L’école d’été Mer et Journalisme est coordonnée par Paul Tréguer et Pauline Letortu.

Pour vous inscrire c’est ici

Date limite d’inscription : le 20 août 2022

Une formation animée par :

Intervenants


Stéphane de Vendeuvre

Journaliste, Club de la Presse de Bretagne

Stefan LALONDE (CNRS, Geo-Ocean, IUEM)

Martial CAROFF (CNRS, Geo-Ocean, IUEM)

Jérémie BOURDOULOUS (projet Geopark Armorique)

Noémie COURANT (projet Geopark Armorique)

Olivier ABALLAIN (ESJL)

Ingrid PEUZIAT (UBO, LETG, IUEM)

Franck LECOCQ (AgroParisTech, CIRED)

Jean JOUZEL (IPSL)

Anne-Marie TREGUIER (CNRS, ISBlue, IUEM)

Stéphane BLAIN (Sorbonne Univ.)

Hélène PLANQUETTE (CNRS, LEMAR, IUEM)

Catherine JEANDEL (CNRS, LEGOS)

Fabien PERAULT (CNRS, INSU)

Christophe CASSOU (CNRS, CERFACS)

Conférence introductive

Stefan LALONDE (CNRS, Geo-Ocean)



Et si nous remontions dans le temps ?

L’influence anthropogénique sur les teneurs atmosphériques en dioxyde de carbone, et par conséquent, le climat, emmène l’humanité vers un futur mal connu. Par contre, les archives sédimentaires enregistrent des millions années, voire des milliards d’années, d’un fonctionnement du cycle du carbone et des conditions climatiques bien différentes d’aujourd’hui. Dans cette présentation, nous allons réviser le fonctionnement du cycle du carbone et les traces des climats du passé préservé dans les archives sédimentaires, avec un regard particulier sur les perturbations extrêmes comme celle que nous vivons aujourd’hui.

Conférences thématiques

Franck LECOCQ | AgroParisTech, CIRED, co-auteur des ouvrages récents du GIEC


Atténuation du changement climatique

Cette conférence interactive présentera les principaux résultats du 6ème rapport du groupe III du GIEC, paru le 4 avril 2022, sur les options de lutte contre le changement climatique.

Ingrid PEUZIAT | UBO, LETG


Développement durable et nautisme

Le milieu du XXe siècle marque le début de la démocratisation du nautisme et parallèlement de nombreux ports de plaisance sont créés, souvent ex-nihilo, artificialisant ainsi les littoraux. Peu à peu ces ports sont devenus de véritables outils d’aménagement pour le développement des territoires et le nautisme une activité essentielle à l’économie littorale dans de nombreuses régions côtières. Mais aujourd’hui, les acteurs du nautisme doivent faire face à une multitude d’enjeux liés au vieillissement des plaisanciers, aux changements de pratiques, au développement d’un nautisme écoresponsable (éconavigation, enjeux énergétiques, recyclage des bateaux hors d’usage…). Cette conférence présentera les grands défis de la transition écologique du nautisme, et plus particulièrement de la plaisance, mais également les solutions mises en œuvre par les acteurs de la filière et les gestionnaires des espaces côtiers.

Stéphane BLAIN | Sorbonne Univ.


L’océan puits et source de CO2

L’océan est un puits de carbone qui absorbe environ un quart des émissions de carbone anthropique atténuant ainsi l’accumulation du CO2 dans l’atmosphère et ses conséquences sur le climat. Pourquoi n’en absorbe-t-il pas plus ou pas moins ? Quel va être le devenir de ce puits ? Le dernier rapport du GIEC montre clairement que l’objectif de 2°C à la fin du siècle ne sera pas atteint sans la capture d’une partie du CO2 que nous avons déjà émis. L’océan a-t-il un rôle à jouer dans ce contexte ? Au travers d’une réflexion simple sur les échelles de temps qui sont en jeu, l’objectif du séminaire est d’apporter quelques éléments de discussion sur ces questions.

Focus

COP vs. GIEC


Pourquoi les conclusions des rapports du GIEC ne passent que partiellement dans les COP ? Conséquences ?

Animateur : Franck LECOCQ  (AgroParisTech, CIRED)

Intervenants : Jean Jouzel (IPSL), Christophe Cassou (CNRS, CERFACS), et Anne-Marie Tréguier (CNRS, ISblue)

3 Ateliers interactifs

Scientifiques et journalistes: comment travailler ensemble (au bénéfice des citoyens) ?


L’atelier «Scientifiques et journalistes: comment travailler ensemble (au bénéfice des citoyens) ?» se propose d’aborder les différences entre les démarches journalistique et scientifique. Objectif : faire appel à l’expertise scientifique de façon plus pertinente, en s’appuyant sur l’expérience réussie du site The Conversation. Une boîte à outils sera proposée : Comment lire efficacement une publication scientifique sans être expert soi-même ? Comment qualifier/choisir les bonnes sources ? Comment travailler ses angles ?

Animateur : Olivier ABALLAIN  (École supérieure de journalisme de Lille)

Et si nous remontions le temps ?


À la suite de la conférence sur les variations climatiques au cours des ères géologiques, nous continuerons à scruter l’histoire du Globe terrestre. Après une courte introduction sur les Sciences de la Terre en général et le façonnement des paysages, un focus sera fait sur l’ancienne chaîne de montagnes hercynienne, datant d’environ 300 millions d’années, dont les reliefs fortement érodés forment l’ossature de nombreux massifs anciens, tel le Massif armoricain. Il y aura enfin une présentation du futur Geopark Armorique, en cours de labellisation UNESCO, dans un cadre d’échanges interactifs.

Pour appuyer le débat, plusieurs documents seront diffusés, dont des extraits du film documentaire de France TV réalisé par Michael Pitiot France: le fabuleux voyage et des courtes vidéos sur le Massif armoricain.

Animateur : Martial CAROFF  (UBO, Geo-Ocean)

Intervenants : Jérémie BOURDOULOUS (directeur du patrimoine naturel au Parc naturel régional d’Armorique (PNRA)) et Noémie COURANT (coordinatrice du Geopark Armorique au PNRA).

Comment les scientifiques étudient‐ils les interactions océan‐climat ?


Lors de la mission océanographique SWINGS (pour South West Indian Geotraces Section) Hélène Planquette, Catherine Jeandel et toute leur équipe ont mené une mission d’exploration et de mesures dans l’océan austral. A bord du Marion Dufresne, de janvier à mars 2021, 48 scientifiques spécialisés dans les domaines de la chimie, biologie, physique, climatologie ont collecté des milliers d’échantillons, de la surface jusqu’aux abysses, depuis l’île de la Réunion jusqu’aux îles subantarctiques Marion, Prince Edward, Crozet, Kerguelen, Mc Donald et Heard. Leur principal objectif est de comprendre comment cette région océanique participe à la soustraction de CO2 atmosphérique et plus spécifiquement, comment les différents éléments chimiques essentiels au développement de la vie y sont apportés, transformés et transportés par les courants.
Cet atelier sera spécialement consacré à la recherche effectuée sur le bateau : ses objectifs, ses outils, la solidarité et la démarche qui accompagnent cette expédition depuis sa conception jusqu’à l’exploitation des résultats. Pour sensibiliser ces recherches à un public plus large, les dispositifs de communication et médiation qui ont été mis en place (site web, articles, liens presse, lien avec scolaires, documentaire à bord…) pourront être aussi discutés lors de cet atelier. Les échanges seront ponctués par des extraits du documentaire tourné par Sibylle d’Orgeval.

Animatrice : Hélène PLANQUETTE  (CNRS, LEMAR)

Intervenants : Catherine Jeandel (CNRS, LEGOS), Fabien Pérault (CNRS, IPEV), Christophe Cassou (CNRS, CERFACS), Stéphane Blain (Sorbonne Univ.), François Réguerre (Genavir)

Frais d’inscription


En présentiel : 450 €

En distanciel : 350 €

Québec : via IFQM


Financements


L’action de formation est éligible à la formation continue :

  • En tant que salarié, vous pouvez compléter une demande de financement auprès de votre employeur. Il est également possible de solliciter l’AFDAS (opérateurs de compétences dont relève la presse écrite et les agences de presse).
  • Enfin, si vous faites le choix de déduire les frais réels, les dépenses de formation professionnelle engagées ont le caractère de frais professionnels.

Pour votre information,  cette formation ne peut pas être prise en charge par le Compte Personnel de Formation (CPF).

N’hésitez pas à contacter Anaëlle LE ROUX pour toutes demandes de renseignements.

En savoir plus


Date limite d’inscription : 20 août 2022

Plus d’informations et inscriptions sur sciencesconf.org

 


Télécharger le programme PDF ici


Partenaires


Interactive conference on high seas

Rendez-vous in New-York” is a participative conference and a unique citizen’s encounter around a hot topic on the international scene: the governance of the high seas and the protection of its biodiversity.

BBNJ, What’s that?

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea was first signed in 1982 in Montego Bay. It sets out the principles for the governance of the ocean. The high seas, i.e. the 64% of the world ocean surface that are located beyond the areas under the jurisdiction of coastal States (EEZ), were left to the principle of freedom and responsibility of each individual. Today, human activities, as well as climate change, are affecting the ecosystems of the high seas, calling for protective actions. For the first time in 1987, the General Assembly decided to open negotiations for the establishment of a treaty to complement the Montego Bay Convention in order to protect biodiversity on the high seas. This is known as the Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) treaty. Opened in 1988, this negotiation should conclude with the adoption of a treaty during the next session to be held in New York from 7 to 18 March 2022. Between a minor treaty and an ambitious treaty, many topics are the subject of bitter debates. We will debate and you will vote!

Echoing the official discussions

In connection with the One Ocean Summit, an international summit dedicated to the preservation of the oceans that will be held in Brest from February 9 to 11, 2021, the conference will take place in the One Ocean Summit Pavilion organized by Océanopolis. The official program of the summit includes a workshop on ocean governance on Wednesday morning (from 11:00 am to 12:30 pm – available here), which will some ideas for the future participants! The summit Heads of State (February 11) will make commitments for a strengthened governance of the ocean.

An interactive one hour and a half experience

“Rendez-vous in New-York” is a one and a half hour mediation experience, to raise awareness and to open up to the issues of biodiversity protection in the deep and the high seas, as they are currently negotiated at the UN in the framework of BBNJ.

Between political speeches and advocacy, the experts of the subject will try to convince you of the merits of their position. What will be YOUR opinion?

A fun way to participate

Thanks to an original entertaining device, you will be able to express your opinion live on real international governance issues. The speakers will feed you with their knowledge, their experiences, their stories and their questions to allow you to explore the different scenarios of protection and exploitation of the ocean that will be submitted to the vote. A real-time display will allow you to see what the room thinks!

This convivial event will be followed by a cocktail open to all participants.

——-

  • Date: Thursday, February 10 at 6:30 pm
  • Free event, on registration (limited number of places) and on presentation of the health pass
  • Organizers: University of Western Brittany, French Facility for Global Environment, French Office for Biodiversity, Océanopolis, Association Infusion
  • Contact us: team@ocean-univ.fr
  • Access: Océanopolis, Moulin Blanc marina, 29200 Brest

One Ocean Summit University

The city of Brest has been chosen to host, from February 9 to 11, 2022, an international summit dedicated to the protection of the ocean, the One Ocean Summit. This event, organized within the framework of the French presidency of the European Union, will be the occasion for forums and workshops of world experts in the field and will close with a meeting of high-ranking political leaders. The workshops are expected to produce calls for action and the summit will make commitments to strengthen international ocean governance.
At the request of Olivier Poivre d’Arvor, French ambassador of the poles and maritime issues in charge of the organization of the summit, the Brest University (UBO) is taking the initiative to mobilize its cooperating networks for a contribution of young researchers to One Ocean Summit. This initiative is included in the official program of the summit under the name of One Ocean Summit University. It is structured around three key moments:

  • upstream, a pool of young international researchers in marine sciences will be formed and consulted on the maritime issues addressed at the One Ocean Summit;
  • the summaries of this work and recommendations will be represented at the event in Brest by ambassadors of the One Ocean Summit University;
  • then downstream, this pool of young people will be able to continue the dynamic as a global think tank.

In order to fulfill this ambition, a compilation of the different contacts throughout UBO’s networks and on-going projects has already started. Following its creation, this set of network contacts will form a “convention” of young international researchers (students or professional) that will be led by the project team.

The objective here is to use a participatory approach to synthesize the broad the expertise and dynamics represented by the One Ocean Summit University in order to articulate common themes regarding the issues of research and research training in the context of the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. The goal is to produce actionable recommendations and a call for actions.

These recommendations will be presented in the thematic workshops of the One Ocean Summit by a panel of ambassadors of the One Ocean Summit University.

Following the meeting, UBO will work to ensure that this group of young researchers continues this work and take part in various initiatives and international meetings such as the United Nations Ocean Conference to be held in Lisbon from June 27 to July 1, 2022.

 

You want to join the One Ocean Summit University?

  • Check the topics of the One Ocean Summit workshops and select one you want to contribute to,
  • Contact the project team and be ready to contribute,
  • Join a group of young researchers at your place or with your international network to produce your contribution to the One Ocean Summit.

Organizing team

  • Yves-Marie Paulet, European Marine Board Member, Brest University Vice-chair for Marine Science (UBO), European Institute for Marine Studies (IUEM), France
  • Denis Bailly, coordinator of the Ocean University Initiative, Brest University, European Institute for Marine Studies (IUEM), Brest University (UBO), France
  • Romain Le Moal, One Ocean Summit University officer

Applications for the SML 2020-2021 Master’s Degree

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The SML Master‘s application campaign will begin in April, according to a calendar specific to each course, which can be consulted on the Ecandidat application site, under the heading “Training offer”.

To find out more, go to the “Practical information” section at the bottom of the SML Master’s page.

Nereis Park VI

The aim of this event is to bring together the international scientific community of researchers working on the mechanisms of bioturbation in marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments, at all latitudes (polar, tropical, temperate), and taking different time scales into account (from Precambrian to present). This event is in the framework of the international Nereis Park association gathering all scientists working on Bioturbation.
This 6th edition proposes an international thematic school on Bioturbation with conferences and high-level training. It will allow promoting exchanges and giving scientists and students the latest conceptual and technological advances around the bioturbation processes through conferences and posters sessions, small workshops, debates, practical studies. The contributions for this event could be submitted for publications in a special issue on bioturbation.

Early bird registration and payments: April 11- May 7, 2022
Late registration and payments: May 8 – May 27, 2022

5 sessions


Session 1: Bioturbation-ecosystem relationships



Keynote Speaker: Alison Cribb, PhD candidate| University of Southern Carolina, USA


In this session, the role of bioturbation for ecosystem evolution will be discussed with particular focus on the various ecosystem services provided by bioturbation in terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems in the context of global change. The various effects of bioturbation will be addressed including: sediment erosion, stabilization and drainage, biogeomorphology, contaminants and cysts releasing, oxygenation, bioremediation of polluted sediments and soils, organic matter recycling. Functioning of past and extreme environments (Precambrian, Quaternary caves, mangroves, polar and deep environments, hyper-saline lakes…) could be considered.


Session 2: Integration of bioturbation processes into biodiversity patterns and functions



Keynote Speaker: Pr. Andrew M. Lohrer | NIWA, New Zealand


The influence of the bioturbation activities on the ecosystems depends on the benthic structural and functional diversity strongly linked to the environmental variables. This session will address the different approaches (i.e., species, functional diversity, biological traits…) used for evaluating the effects of biodiversity on the ecosystems functioning through experimental and field studies. This will be the initial statement for an open forum session based on two questions: How do we integrate the role of individual species characteristics on benthic processes at the community scale? How do we upscale the effects of benthic communities at the ecosystem level?


Session 3: Micro / macro-organisms interactions for the biogeochemical cycles



Keynote Speaker: Pr. Erik Kristensen | University of Southern Denmark, Denmark


Bioturbation activities modify microbial diversity and processes involved in the sediment organic matter degradation and recycling. The latter have an influence, at larger scales, on biogeochemical fluxes and budgets (carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphore, silica, iron). Organic matter quality (refractory versus labile) and environmental variables drives the benthic microbial processes. This session will focus and on the interactions between the micro-organisms (e.g. procaryotes, cable bacteria, archae, eucaryotes, and co-occurrence networks) and macro-organisms involved in sediment biogeochemistry.


Session 4: New approaches of observation, analysis and modeling for bioturbation studies



Keynote Speaker: Dr. Simone Pennafirme | Univ. Federal do Fluminense, Brazil


This session will focus on the different tools allowing to deal with ecosystem heterogeneity:

  • 1D and 2D optical and infrared sensors to measure micro-heterogeneity of solutes in porewaters (oxygen, manganese, sulfur, CO2, pH…);
  • Biogeochemical fluxes at the sediment-water and sediment-air interfaces
  • remote sensing to visualize microtopography and benthic diversity at the sediment surface;
  • tomography imaging to visualize in 3D biological structures within sediments and soils ;
  • mechanistic and stochastic models to simulate biogeochemical processes associated to animals behavior.

We will also consider the potential limitations of these tools and how they can be overcome for specific field study or experimental set up.

Robert Aller

Session 5: Scales transfer



Keynote Speaker: Pr. Robert C. Aller | Stony Brook University, USA


Integrating the outcomes of the conferences and the workshops of the thematic school, this session will focus on downscaling and upscaling (scale transfer) referring to:

  • the importance of a specific bioturbation process within diagenetic models,
  • the representation of the species or functional traits in the community ;
  • the transfer from controlled experiments to in situ studies integrating the ecosystem as a whole;
  • extrapolation of results obtained from a local study at ecosystem level taking into account its spatial and temporal variability.

Thematic school objective



This event will offer different and complementary tools in each session (courses and case studies as form as keynote lecture and short talks, respectively, practical works, open forum session, round tables..) to understand the role of bioturbation in the current and past functioning of ecosystems, and to know how to integrate it into ecosystem models, in ecological engineering and ecosystem restoration / management projects. These scientific and educational meetings, by mixing the disciplines, will thus help to build up a network of expertises. This will bring out innovative approaches to answer fundamental and methodological questions. This event is addressed to any scientist (researcher, student, engineers) as well as manager in environmental science.

International scientific committee

Dr. Stefano Cannicci (University of Florence, Italy)

Dr. Suzanne Dufour (Memorial University, Canada)

Dr. Stefan Forster (University of Rostock, Germany)

Dr. Franck Gilbert (CNRS | ECOLAB, France)

Dr. Boris Jansen (Amsterdam University, Netherlands)

Dr. Pascal Jouquet (IRD | iEES, France)

Dr. Florian Mermillod-Blondin (CNRS | LEHNA, France)

Dr. Emma Michaud (CNRS | LEMAR, France)

Dr. Thomas Stieglitz (IRD | CEREGE, France)

Local organizing committee

Dr. Emma Michaud (CNRS | LEMAR)

Dr. Gerard Thouzeau (CNRS | LEMAR)

Dr. Jill Sutton (Brest University | LEMAR)

Adriana Spedicato (Brest University | LEMAR)

Sébastien Hervé (Brest University | IUEM, LEMAR)

Nadine Reniers (CNRS |IUEM)

Nathalie Le Mentec (Brest University | IUEM, LEMAR)

With the support of

Site of the conference and thematic school site – Accommodation

This event will be held in Brittany (France) at Logonna-Daoulas from the 22rd to the 26th of August 2022 at “Moulin Mer”. This facility provides space for sessions and workshops, meals and accommodations, all at one location, including access to educational rooms and to sampling sites in marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments. For your spouse, it also provides access to nice walks along the beaches, forest, and places for activities such as volley ball, badminton, sailing, kayac, paddle and fishing. The site is located between Brest and Quimper (at 8min from the expressway). Brest is the closest city with a train station (TGV) and an airport offering a handful of international flights and many direct flights from Paris (Orly or CDG). Shuttle services will be proposed to reach the conference site.

Abstract call


Each of the five sessions is composed of invited talks, a (limited) set of oral presentations (selected from the abstracts), a poster session, round tables and specific practical and theoretical classes for revised concepts and methods training.

The Scientific Committee of this event invites the participants to submit an abstract in English to one of the following sessions:

  • Session 1: Bioturbation-ecosystem relationships
  • Session 2: Integration of bioturbation processes into biodiversity patterns and functions
  • Session 3: Micro / macro-organisms interactions for the biogeochemical cycles
  • Session 4: New approaches of analysis, observation and modeling for bioturbation studies
  • Session 5: Scales transfer

The preference for oral/poster and the choice of the session are options indicated on the abstract submission form. Motivations and expectations for the thematic to be discussed, debated or deepened should be added to the pre-registration form.

Deadlines


Opening pre-registration: February 22, 2022

Deadline of submission: March 31, 2022

Authors notified of abstract selection and program: April 11, 2022

Early bird registration and payments: April 11- May 7, 2022

Late registration and payments: May 8 – May 27, 2022

Closed registration: May 21, 2022

Registration fees

The registration is for assisting to the whole sessions successively over the week. The event is limited to 70 participants. To participate, fill directly the pre-registration form which includes an abstract submission form (with details on the lay-out of the abstract). Motivations and expectations for the thematic to be discussed, debated or deepened should be added to the pre-registration form (Deadline of submission: March 23, 2022).

The abstracts will be selected by the international scientific committee. Once your abstract selected, you can fill the final registration form which include the payment details. Your registration will be official when payment of the registration fee is received.

The conference fee covers the full price of accommodation, food, coffee breaks, and shuttle services from airport or train station until the conference location. Choose one option from following arrangements (price per person):

Particular case for CNRS staff: Since this event belongs to the thematic schools plan of CNRS during the year 2022, registration is free for the CNRS staff (researchers, engineers, post doctorate). Registration fees and travelling fees could be taken into account by each regional delegation of CNRS. Pre-registration through the abstract submission is however necessary.

For the other participants:

Reduced early registration (April 11- May 7, 2022):
[1] Academic – Single room = 500 € per person
[2] Academic – Shared double room (two beds) = 420 € per person
[3] Student (shared double or triple room, two or three beds) = 370 € per person

Late registration (May 8-May 27, 2022):
[1] Academic – Single room = 650 € per person
[2] Academic – Shared double room (two beds) = 550 € per person
[3] Student (shared double or triple room, two or three beds) = 450 € per person

Closed registration: May 28, 2022

Single rooms are very limited in “Moulin Mer” residence, and in order to accommodate as many participants as possible, most participants will need to share a room. When selecting the “shared room” option, please indicate the name of the participant with whom you’d like as a roommate.

Covid info


Given the evolution of the health situation, we maintain our desire to hold this colloquium face-to-face in order to promote exchanges between all: our reference researchers, our young researchers and our future researchers who are our students.

Complete vaccination scheme will be requested to attend the conference. The conference organizers will provide antigenic auto-tests during the conference. Conferences, the exhibition of posters, workshops, catering, and coffee breaks will be made under conditions according to health rules.

However, if the situation will deteriorate, a bi-modal format will not be considered and you will be notified. The event will be cancelled.

Registration fees will be refundable in light of the Covid context at the time of the conference in August 2022.

For more informations, send email to: nereis@sciencesconf.org