The Blue Belt initiative started during the CoP22 Climate in Marrakech, following the CoP21 in Paris, and in coherence with the tripartite AWA project (42 laboratories, including 8 IRD Units, 2013-2017), funded by IRD and the German BMBF, housed at the Sub-Regional Fisheries Commission (SRFC), the "Ocean Climate Declaration
" in Dakar.
The objectives of adaptation and mitigation to changes are broken down into three main areas consisting of global priority actions aimed at bringing about the emergence of numerous projects contributing to the transformation of the fisheries sector into an area of sustainable economic activity with high added value creation.
In order to promote research and scientific knowledge, it will be necessary to support the emergence of integrated coastal observation systems and to promote their integration at global level, with particular emphasis on the user-observer concept.
In the current context of the degradation of fish stocks, the objective is to produce more by fishing less while protecting more. It will therefore be a question of encouraging actions for sustainable fishing and for adding value, from the ecosystem to the consumer.
In order to pursue the growth of aquaculture in a sustainable manner, it will be necessary to encourage the emergence of aquaculture based on foundations that are respectful of and favourable to ecosystems, relying in particular on algal farming (see the ClimAlg project underway).
Linked to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), they contribute to five of the six priority themes defined by Morocco as part of its "National Strategy for the Development of Research to 2025": health, environment and quality of life; agriculture, fisheries and water; natural resources and renewable energies; education and training; human sciences and the contemporary challenges of Moroccan society.