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Year 2 specialty ‘Marine Ecosystems’

Understanding and predicting global changes in superficial layers of the planet has become a major challenge in today’s world, especially since anthropogenic disturbances have added to natural fluctuations. The radiation balance of the planet has been greatly modified by the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, while coastal areas are impacted by anthropogenic activities. Marine ecosystems are subject to these constraints and must adapt by modifying both their structure and their way of functioning. Consequences for human societies are sometimes significant and growing demand for research or expertise on the environment is an incentive to continue training students to be able to address these issues, either through research or environmental expertise. For example, marine resources are considered to be fully exploited and their management means taking into account their integration in ecosystems. On the other hand, the globalization of exchanges causes transfers of species, some of which can become invasive with major impacts on the environment and biodiversity. If we want to be able to manage coastal ecosystems that are subject to multiple threats from anthropogenic pressure, both causes and effects need to be known.

In this context, we propose to strengthen the knowledge acquired during year 1 of the Master on Ecosystems (Ecology of marine systems, biodiversity, impact of pollutants) with a focus on present aspects of research on biological invasions and the management of exploited resources. Students following this Master 2 specialty training in Brest have access to information on this topic without having to follow the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries specialty in Rennes. We also propose to focus on fast-developing topics, such as marine microbiology and the ecology of deep environments, and on very recent tools such as the use of biological records of the environment. These approaches are strongly supported by research conducted in Brest and will benefit from the contributions of nationally and internationally recognized specialists.

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