Research Groups (GdR) are networks of research units, or part of them, which may or may not be under the sole control of the CNRS, around a scientific objective. Their missions are to facilitate the dissemination of knowledge in a thematic community, to bring together several types of partners (institutional, industrial or service providers), to develop exchanges of researchers and doctoral candidates and to facilitate the establishment of doctoral or post-doctoral fellowships. GdRIs (IRN – International Research Networks) are an international extension of GdRs. The research network is set up between French and foreign partners. In general, it includes 1 to 3 laboratories per country and has a coordination committee. GdR and GdRI are validated for a period of 4 years, renewable.
LIAs (International Associated Laboratories) are “laboratories without walls” that bring together a CNRS laboratory and a laboratory from another country around a jointly defined project. These laboratories pool human and material resources to carry out the project. The relationship between the two partners is formalized by an agreement signed by the heads of the supervisory authorities of the two partner laboratories. The teams or laboratories associated in the LIA retain their autonomy, their status, their manager in France and abroad as well as their separate location. The LIAs are also validated for a renewable period of 4 years.
The LMIs (International Joint Laboratories) are an equivalent of the LIAs proposed by the IRD in its mission to support the strengthening, empowerment and international influence of higher education and research systems in developing countries (PED). A LMI is co-constructed and co-directed by teams from one or more research and higher education institutions in developing countries, and one or more joint research units affiliated to the IRD, around a targeted scientific theme. The LMIs are also validated for a renewable period of 4 years.
The Workshop Zones (ZA) are a tool of the Institut d’Écologie et Environnement (INEE) of the CNRS. They form an inter-agency network for interdisciplinary research on the environment and socio-ecosystems related to societal issues. Anchored for several decades in the heart of the territories, the workshop zones carry an integrated long term research.