Coastal environments exhibit high diversity and high biomass in benthic organisms.
Coastal environments exhibit high diversity and high biomass in benthic organisms. The study of these organisms is of considerable importance at different levels, ie societal, economic and scientific. In these environments, marine organisms exhibit physiological adaptations to biotic and abiotic stresses, of natural and / or anthropogenic origin, producing original primary and / or secondary metabolites. These metabolites play a very important role in structuring the pelagic and benthic communities of these environments. Produced on the surface of organisms, these molecules can act on surface microorganisms. For those produced in the water column, such as allelopathic molecules for example, they are very active and often labile. The role of the microflora associated with these marine organisms in the production of defense molecules is also a subject of current interest and well-known interest. According to the prospective of chemical ecology published by the INEE, the studies in Chemical ecology participate at the same time to the knowledge resulting from the fundamental research, but also to the development of applications of this knowledge.