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Carte d'énergie cinétique de l'océan global obtenue à l'aide d'une simulation numérique (Mercator-Ocean, France) avec une résolution au 1/12e de degré.

Labex research axes

LabexMER, funded byInvestments for the Future’, IUEM and its partners, defined seven research themes on which projects started in 2011:

The ocean engine at very high resolution

The ocean’s capacity to regulate climate depends on even the smallest of its eddies!

Complexity and efficiency of the biological pump

The biological pump traps carbon from the atmosphere and stores it in the ocean depths! Biodiversity and the way it functions could be fundamental to the efficiency of this process.

Geobiological interactions in extreme environments

Study of the interaction of mineral and living material in the ocean depths. An in-depth understanding of these environments will allow us to protect and use them sustainably.

Sediment transfer from the coast to the deep ocean

Whether caused by continuous fluxes or catastrophic events, the paths taken by particles from the catchment to the bottom of marine canyons are still poorly known. Marine sediments represent both resources and dangers.  The project centres on their spatial and temporal dynamics.

Dynamics and vulnerability of coastal zones

As a general worldwide trend, humanity concentrates on the coastal strip. This project aims to observe and understand scenarios that would be helpful for a sustainable use of these areas.

Evolution of marine habitats and adaption of populations

Indicators of marine environment quality are one of society’s growing needs at both national and international levels. The indicators presently in use are still rather empirical. Future ones require the development of the science of marine habitats and their evolution.

Sea motions and interactions with marine structures

The way in which fluids move against solid structures involves complex interactions that are sometimes crucial for human activities (wave motion, structural solidity, tidal waves, etc.) Simulations offering new capacities for calculation and experimentation will allow improvement in the planning and conception of structures.

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